The city of Bukittinggi in the Dutch colonial era was called Fort de Kock and was also known as Parijs van Sumatra. In this city, there is a Dutch heritage fort called Fort de Kock. It was founded around 1826 by a captain named Johan Heinrich Conrad Bauer. At that time he was the leader of a unit of the Dutch East Indies army in the interior of West Sumatra.
At the time of the Padri War in 1803-1838, there was a dispute between the indigenous people who still carried out the old customs and the Padri who believed in Islamic law. When that happened, the Dutch East Indies armies helped the indigenous people. They built several forts in the Minangkabau highlands to defeat the Padri.
The two forts they built were Fort de Kock in Bukittinggi and Fort van der Capellen in Batusangkar. The Fort de Kock building is located on a hill, so the Dutch were very free to observe all the activities that took place in the surrounding area. But it turned out that the relationship between the indigenous people and the Dutch East Indies did not go well. The indigenous people also felt aggrieved because the kingdom of Pagaruyung collapsed.
As a result of the war, Fort de Kock was destroyed. Currently, the original building of the fort is no longer there. All that remains is a rectangular foundation and a tub of water. In addition, eight iron cannons are, now installed around the area of the former fort. While on the outside it is limited by a circular moat one meter deep and about three meters wide.
From the Fort de Kock area, visitors can cross to the Kinantan Wildlife and Culture Park via the Limpapeh Bridge. This bridge connects the Fort De Kock area and the Kinantan Wildlife and Cultural Park on Jirek Hill. This bridge was built in 1995, where from the middle of the bridge we can see the beautiful and magnificent view of the Barisan Hill stretch of the Bukittinggi Mayor’s office building on the Gulai Bancah hill. When facing south, our eyes will see Mount Marapi and Mount Singgalang from a distance.
Kinantan Wildlife Park was designed in 1900 by an Assistant Resident of Agam named Storm Gravenande. He designed and built a flower garden located in Malambuang Hill. And in the end this flower garden was given the name “Stormpark”. Furthermore, on July 3, 1929 Dr. J. Hock changed the name of the location to Fort De Kocksche Dieren Park and added the function of a flower garden to a zoo along with the inclusion of several animal collections. Fort De Kocksche Dieren Park later changed its name to Puti Bungsu Park, and finally in 1995 the name was changed to Kinantan Wildlife and Culture Park.
All kinds of animals are complete here. From large animals to small animals, herbivores, carnivores, and omnivores, everything is fully presented. This visit to the Zoo is a moment of togetherness and happiness but wrapped in education, both with family and friends. It is important to remember, visitor safety protocols and visitor rules for animals set by the manager must be obeyed.
Four new zones were inaugurated in 2021, namely the bird zone with the concept of an aviary garden. The second is the reptile zone which consists of outdoor and indoor buildings. The outdoor building is filled with species of turtles and crocodiles. While the indoor building consists of 23 glass rooms filled with snake and lizard species. The third is the carnivorous zone/tiger enclosure. Visitors can watch tigers up close because the tiger enclosure and the observation room are limited by 26 mm thick glass for security and anticipation of earthquakes. The fourth zone is a giant aquarium filled with various species of freshwater fish and seawater fish placed in an aquarium made of glass.
If you want to observe animals that have been preserved, visit the Zoological Museum which is inside the Kinantan Wildlife Park. The types of collections owned consist of biological research objects, historical evidence of wartime relics, and ancient currency. The establishment of the Zoological Museum coincided with the establishment of the Bogor Zoological Museum in 1894. The museum was renovated in 2010 by the Bukittinggi City government. It collects more than 2000 types of animals native to Indonesia.
The next tourist spot in the Kinantan wildlife park is the Baanjuang Traditional House museum. It was founded by a Dutch national, Mondelar Countrelleur, on July 1, 1935. Initially, the Baanjuang Traditional House Museum was named the Baanjuang Museum. After that, the museum changed its name to the Bundo Kanduang Museum. In 2005, the name of this museum was changed again based on the Regional Regulation of Bukittinggi City Number 5 of 2005. The name of the museum was returned to its original name and given an additional identity so that its name became the Baanjuang Traditional House Museum.
Inside the Baanjuang Traditional House in the Wildlife and Cultural Park tourist area, there are many collections of items that contain high historical and cultural values. There are also jewelry and traditional Minangkabau art tools.
Source: One of collections at museum.sikamek.sumbarprov.go.id.photo
The city, whose anniversary is commemorated every December 22, was once the capital of the province of West Sumatra until 1978 (de jure) and was also the capital city of the Republic of Indonesia when Yogyakarta (at that time was the nation’s capital) was occupied by the Dutch on December 19, 1948. The move of the national capital from Yogyakarta to Bukittinggi was known as the Emergency Government of the Republic of Indonesia, which in 2006 was designated by the government as National Defense Day.
Sitiung regency is one of the transmigration areas located in the Dharmasraya district, an area that was originally a wilderness. Around 1976 the government relocated residents from Wonogiri Regency, Central Java Province to Sitiung Sub-district. This is due to the construction of the Gajah Mungkur reservoir. Gajah Mungkur Reservoir is 3 km away in the south of Wonogiri regency. It is made by damming the Bengawan Solo river. It was built in the early 1970s and started operating in 1978. The migrants from Java moved to Sitiung as a whole, including village officials (bedol desa). This was the beginning story of the Sitiung transmigration area.
The process of relocating residents continued until early 2002. The transmigration locations were divided into five areas called Sitiung I to Sitiung V. After 1990, transmigrations were generally mixed and not concentrated in one area, such as Wonogiri.
The land that was previously difficult to cultivate was because when clearing the transmigration site area, they did not comply with the correct soil management rules so many nutrients were lost. But thanks to their patience and tenacity after being given liming on their land, it eventually became fertile land and became a center for rice fields and plantations. Data from the Central Statistics Agency for 2020 shows that the area of rice fields in the Sitiung sub-district is 4,828 hectares. This is the largest rice field area in the Dharmasraya district. Meanwhile, the plantations in Sitiung are rubber, oil palm, coconut, coffee, areca nut, cocoa, and other plantations. Oil palm plantations are the largest in Sitiung with an area of 3367 hectares.
In the past, this area was included in the Sawahlunto Sijunjung district. Since 2004, Sawahlunto district has been divided into Dharmasraya district and the Sitiung sub-district is included in it. About a third of Dharmasraya’s population comes from the Javanese ethnic. The largest concentration of the population lives in Koto Baru and Sungai Rumbai sub-districts.
Currently, Sitiung is not only an area that relies on rice fields and plantations as a source of income. However, it has penetrated the tourism sector. You need to know that Sitiung, especially in the village of Siguntur, belongs to the former Malay kingdom of Dharmasraya which ruled in the XIII century. In Siguntur village there are historical relics of the Dharmasraya kingdom, the Padang Roco temple, and the Sawah Island temple. Both are sites that are still being researched by archaeologists. Meanwhile, nature tourism in Sitiung is no less interesting than other natural attractions in West Sumatra. Here are some tourist attractions in Sitiung besides Padang Roco Temple and Pulau Sawah Temple:
- Peak of Mount Medan Hill
The peak of Mount Medan hill is one of the highest peaks in Dharmasraya Regency. Of course this allows you to enjoy the natural beauty of Dharmasraya Regency from above. It has a height of about 1000 meters above sea level. If it is calculated from the capital of Dharmasraya Regency, namely Pulau Punjung, then the distance you have to travel is about 15 km which can be reached by motorcycle by spending about 25 minutes at most. The natural beauty that appears from it, is the expanse of rice fields and fields of residents, the flow of the Batang Mimpi River, and various other green charms. In addition, It is also very recommended for you to use paragliding. You can enjoy the landscape around the Gunung Medan Village from a height and feel the cool air.
- Landmark Siguntur
The Siguntur Kingdom is a kingdom that was founded in 1250 after the collapse of the Dharmasraya Kingdom. This kingdom lasted for some time until it was then controlled by the Pagaruyung Kingdom, but until now the heirs of the royal palace still exist and still hold the title Sutan. The heir who holds the position of King Siguntur until now is Sutan Hendri. If you look at the kings who have ruled, this kingdom is also under the auspices of the Pagaruyung kingdom under Adityawarman’s reign. The language used in the Siguntur kingdom is the Minang dialect of Siguntur which is similar to the Payakumbuh dialect. The relics of the Siguntur kingdom that we can visit are in the form of an old mosque and the Gadang house.
The Old Mosque of Siguntur is located in Siguntur Village near Padang Roco Site. This mosque is a relic of the Siguntur Kingdom and the building is estimated to be more than 100 years old. The Old Mosque of Siguntur is located in a complex with the tombs of the kings of Siguntur, which is to the north of the mosque. To the east, there is the Gadang house, a legacy from the Siguntur Kingdom. The three mosques, tombs, and the Gadang house have been designated by the Indonesian government as cultural heritage in 2007. The architecture of the Old Siguntur Mosque follows the shape of a traditional Minangkabau mosque in general, which is a square floor plan with a pyramid roof terraced. The construction has undergone many changes since its establishment, including the replacement of roofing, foundation, and wall materials.
The Siguntur Gadang House is located in Siguntur village, Nagari Siguntur, about 5 kilometers from the Dharmasraya Regency Regent’s Office. It was founded in the 1800s with an area of 1184 m². It has been renovated, which then changed the room from 7 to 5 rooms. This building serves as a meeting place for the traditional leaders of Siguntur village and still functions today. The building has many traditional ornaments and carvings that symbolize the social status of King Siguntur.
- Alinia Farm Park
Along the Sitiung irrigation flow, it has been used as agro-tourism under the name Alinia Farm Park. Alinia Farm Park is located in Lawai Village. A tourist attraction that combines rural views with the sparkling atmosphere of South Korea. Various kinds of water rides, outbound, and ATV motorbikes have been built. Don’t forget to enjoy durian fruit that can be picked directly from the durian garden. At Alinia Farm Park, a homestay is provided for guests who want to stay overnight.
To reach the location of Alinia Farm and Park, the distance from Padang City to the location is about 5 to 6 hours by car. The hours-long journey will be cured when you arrive at Alinia Farm and Park with all the beautiful scenery. Especially when visitors come at night. You will see the sparkling decorative lights installed in the Alinia Farm and Park area which presents a feel like in Korea.
- Embung Rawang Flower Garden
Embung Rawang is a dam that was just inaugurated by President Joko Widodo at the end of 2018. At the location there is a spacious area that is now decorated with colorful flowers and artificial ornaments. Embung Rawang Flower Park is a photo spot that is always crowded with tourists on weekends. It is on the Sumatra crossroad, Rawang Tinjau village. It will be the best choice for those of you who come with a partner. Being in the Flower Garden will make you feel like you are in a Bollywood movie. Clusters of red, yellow, and orange flowers blend well to create a romantic feel. Hence, you can go rowing with family or friends because here there is boat rental.
Sitiung sub-district has become a multiethnic area that is different from other areas in West Sumatra which are generally dominated by the Minangkabau ethnic group. Cultural acculturation takes place in Sitiung through arenas or so-called melting pots, where people of different cultures can interact and mingle well with each other through these arenas. These arenas are the market and the work environment. Other forms of cultural acculturation can be seen through the arts in this area, where the arts in this area are very diverse, such as Reog, Plate Dance, Silat, and Shadow Puppet (wayang kulit) shows. In the arts, each ethnic group mixes their arts in certain events such as welcoming guests from out of town and so on. The form of community participation to protect each other’s existing culture is applied to the participation of Minangkabau people in Javanese arts and otherwise.
The Tambo of Minangkabau mentions that the ancestors of the Minangkabau people came from the descendants of King Alexander The Great (Iskandar Zulkarnain) from Macedonia. He had three children and they sailed to mainland China due to the great flood that hit the earth. The three children have different characters and then fight for the throne of their father’s greatness. As a result of this incompatibility they separated, the first and second children continued their journey to China and Anatolia while the youngest son known as Maharajadhiraja landed on Mount Merapi. At that time the peak of Mount Marapi was still flat in the form of land surrounded by water. Then after the water receded, Maharajadhiraja and his followers descended from Mount Merapi and cleared land in Pariangan. The truth of this Tambo is still questionable because in the existing history of King Alexander only until the expansion to India, and after that the history is not explained later.
The Minangkabau people believe that Pariangan village is the origin of the life of the Minangkabau people hundreds of years ago which is known by the local community as the tip of the Minangkabau nature stalk (tampuk tangkai Alam Minangkabau). At first, the Pariangan village government system was similar to the concept of the polis in an autonomous ancient Greek society. This government concept is known as Nagari. Nagari comes from the Sanskrit “nagarom” which means the land of birth. Nagari has territorial boundaries that are authorized to regulate and manage the interests of the community based on Minangkabau customs.
Furthermore, the concept of the Nagari government was expanded and adopted in other areas in West Sumatra Province until 1981. In 1981 a law was issued to change the government system at the lower level so that the Nagari government was changed to a village government just like other regions in Indonesia. The village government system in Minangkabau lasted for 18 years. After the 1999 regional autonomy law was enacted, the province of West Sumatra once again embraced the Nagari government system.
Pariangan village is located at the foot of Mount Marapi at an altitude of 500-900 meters above sea level with an area of 17.97 km2. Pariangan Village is rich in natural tourism and cultural heritage and is rich in historical values. The village, which belongs to the Tanah Datar district, can be reached within 2 hours by road from the city of Padang, the distance from the center of Batusangkar is about 13 kilometers. The road route to the village of Pariangan is winding with a distinctive mountainous contour. Along the way, you will be treated to views of rice fields with terraces, ponds, rivers, trees, and typical Minangkabau Gadang houses. The cool air adds to the calm atmosphere while enjoying the view of the village in this hilly area.
The people of Pariangan depend on rice farming for their livelihood. Most of the Nagari Pariangan area is rice fields. The Great Rice Field Satampang Baniah (Sawah Gadang Satampang Baniah) became the first rice field opened by Datuk Tantajo Garhano as the ancestor of the Minangkabau community which is now a cultural heritage. It is located at the end of the village’s main road. Perhaps only in Pariangan Village, a patch of rice fields can become a heritage site. However, It is proof that Pariangan residents respect historical heritage.
For those of you who are Muslim, you can pray at the Islah mosque which is an old mosque built in the 19th century by Syech Burhanuddin. He was a highly respected Minangkabau cleric. This mosque has a four-story roof in the form of a rectangular pyramid. The mosque building has an architectural style similar to the Dongson building style in Tibet with an area of 16 meters x 24 meters. It is located in the middle of a resident’s village whose houses are mostly made of wood and with a pointed roof model (Minang dialect: gonjong) which is the hallmark of traditional houses in the Minangkabau realm.
Source: Islah mosque in middle resident of Pariangan.Pariangan.Tanah Datar.wikipedia.org.photo
In front of the mosque, there is a hot and cold bath for men called Rangek Tujuah. Here there are seven hot and cold showers whose springs come from Mount Marapi. There are four baths in Pariangan village, including the Rangek Tujuh bathing place. Other bathing places are Rangek Songo and Rangek Gadang which are specifically for men. Meanwhile, Rangek Barang baths are specifically for women.
Source: The Bath of Rangek Pincuran Tujuah.anaknagaripariangan.blogspot.com.Photo
From the Islah mosque, visitors can make a pilgrimage to the tomb of Datuk Tantajo Garhano which is also a historical site in the village area. This tomb is not like a burial place in general but more like a garden which the local community also calls a long grave (Kuburan Panjang) measuring 25.5 meters x 7 meters. The tomb is made of rocks, now overgrown with shady trees on it. Unfortunately, visitors can only see from outside the fence because this cemetery is sacred to residents.
To the west of Pariangan village, you can visit historical sites in the form of inscriptions. The Pariangan Inscription is an inscription dating to the 11th century, which was found on the edge of the Mengkaweh River on the slopes of Mount Marapi. This inscription measures 1.6 meters high, 2.6 meters wide, and 1.6 meters thick; in the form of a type of natural volcanic rock (trace), that is not formed. There are six lines of writing written on this inscription, but what is written has worn out to the point that it cannot be read. The inscription is better known in West Sumatra by the name of the inscribed stone (Batu Basurek) with Pallawa letters in Sanskrit. There is a year number, but only two numbers are read on the front, namely 12. The writing is almost the same as other inscriptions from the time of King Adityawarman.
Source: The Pariangan Inscription.travel.okezone.com.photo
For those of you who want to get beautiful photos with scenic backgrounds, the top of the village can be the place. The top is ideal for a photo spot. The expanse of rice fields, mountains, the exoticism of the Gadang house, and the twisting of the road can be a beautiful shot for your photo lens. It is best to enjoy the top of the village accompanied by Kawa Leaf coffee, which is made from the leaves of the coffee tree. To serve coffee is almost the same as other coffee in general, only served with coconut shells.
In 2016, Travel Budget, a tourism media from New York, chose Pariangan village as the most beautiful village in the world. This choice is determined by many criteria, including the beauty and heritage that are still preserved, and this is the identity and characteristics of West Sumatran culture. Pariangan Village defeated the beauty of Wengen Village (Switzerland), Eze Village (France), Niagara Village (Canada), and also Cesky Krumlov Village (Czech Republic). Since the news was released, more and more tourists have come to visit Pariangan Village.
Pagaruyung Palace (Minangkabau: Istana Basa Pagaruyuang) is the Istana (royal palace) of the former Pagaruyung Kingdom, located in Tanjung Emas subdistrict near Batusangkar town, Tanah Datar Regency, West Sumatra, Indonesia. It was built in the traditional Minangkabau Rumah Gadang vernacular architectural style but had several atypical elements including a three-story structure and a larger dimension in comparison to common Rumah Gadang.
Since the Pagaruyung Kingdom was disbanded in 1833, no king or royal family resides in the palace today but is still held in high esteem among the Minangkabau people, as the descendants of scattered Minang nobles (bangsawan) still find roots and links to the former royal house of Pagaruyung. The palace has been destroyed by fire several times, in 1804, 1966, and 2007. It has been rebuilt again and today functions as a museum and popular tourist attraction. (Source: Pagaruyung Palace.wikipedia.org)
Mount Talang (Salasi) is located in the Solok district about 9 km from Arosuka, the capital city of Solok, and about 40 km from Padang, the capital city of West Sumatra. According to the Meteorology and Geophysics Office, Mount Talang is classified as a volcanic mountain as high as 2,597 meters above sea level. On the surface of the crater of the mountain, visible sulfur activity emits smoke and has a distinctive smell. The volcano last erupted in 2007. About 20,000 people were evacuated at that time. But now the volcanic activity of this mountain has decreased so it is safe to climb.
There are three tracks of this Strato volcano type, namely: the Seroja route, the Aie Batumbuak route, and the Bukit Sileh route. Of these three routes, the most favorite is the Aie Batumbuak route because it passes through a tea garden at the foot of the mountain, there are markers on the track, and is rarely inhabited by leeches. In addition, before the peak, we can see the view of the peak of Merapi, Singkarak Lake, Lake Ateh, Lake Bawah, Talang Lake, and of hill chain of Bukit Barisan. On the other hand, the track is longer and slippery during the rainy season. It takes about 4 hours to climb to the top.
If you choose the Aie Batumbuak route from the city of Padang to the city of Arusoka, from the Arusoka intersection near the Solok Police Station, turn right to Alahan Panjang village. The hike to Mount Talang is recommended for beginners because the track is moderate. Mount Talang is the most frequently climbed mountain after Mount Merapi in the province of West Sumatra.
From the intersection of the Muhajirin Aie Batumbuak mosque, you walk to the Mount Talang secretariat office near the Lubuk Selasih – Muara highway. On this track, each track is marked with the letter R (signs) in a total of 54 pieces. The secretariat office is the starting point for climbing (R0). Here you can fill out the registration form for climbing permits, park the motorbike and pay an administration fee. Next, you walk towards the R1 sign. There is a place for renting hiking gear here.
The journey to the entrance of climbing R6 (base camp) along a cement-lined road. After that pass through the expanse of tea plantations track dominated by soil, mud, and gravel. The distance from the starting point of the climb is about 3-4 km to the R6 sign. If you don’t want to walk to the entrance of Mount Talang, you can save time by renting a motorbike (ojek). At the base camp, there are many stalls and you can also camp here.
After passing the base camp the track began to climb, slippery and humid. Here you will find many forest strawberries that taste sweet and sour. Entering the jungle the trees began to meet and the track was getting uphill. On some spots on track, there is a sign of the name of Allah (Asmaul Husna). This is very helpful for climbers as a benchmark for hiking. The deeper into the trees the closer together. Many dead branches and tree roots spread when climbers pass through the track. Hikers must walk carefully so as not to slip.
After a 2.5-hour journey from the entrance, you enter the rock area. The vegetation here is dominated by shrubs. There are edelweiss flowers (Anaphalis javanica) and mountain rice flowers which are often referred to as the flower of immortality. Do not pick it up because it is prohibited. If you are determined to pick it, you can be fined by the Talang mountain rangers. The location is a wide horizontal expanse of land so it is recommended for camping. Rock is the last sign (R54) before the peak. On the rock, you can see the sights of Lake Singkarak, Mount Merapi, and Talang Lake.
The path from the rock to the top is quite difficult to traverse with an elevation angle of up to 70 degrees. The track is loose soil mixed with soil and sand. Care is required to walk so as not to slip. After crossing the incline you come to an area called “dead forest”. In 2007 Mount Talang erupted. Hot clouds (wedhus gembel) accompanied by lava burned the trees in this area until they were charred.
After passing through the “dead forest” area about 50 meters to the top, you will pass a path filled with sulfur smoke. Prepare a mask or scarf so that the smoke is not inhaled. You have to take turns because the path is narrow and steep below which there is a valley filled with sulfur that emits smoke.
Out of the sulfur area, you walk up and down hills and valleys to the top of Talang. The peak of Talang is marked by a sign. The journey from the rock to the top is taken one hour. At the top of Mount Talang, you will see the view of Mount Merapi, Lake Singkarak, Lake Talang, Lake Ateh, and Lake Bawah more freely.
During the celebration of Indonesia’s independence anniversary on August 17, Mount Talang was the location for the independence day ceremony in the rock area. Hikers from various regions participated which showed the spirit of patriotism among the young people who were still awake.
The lyrics of the song “Bareh Solok” by Nuskan Syarief which was popularized by the legendary Minangkabau singer Elly Kasim in the 1960s contain praise for Solok rice. Solok is an area in the land of Minangkabau which is famous for its premium quality rice. Many people from overseas order this rice for daily consumption. The image of Solok’s delicious rice is reflected in the nickname Solok, the City of Rice. The city, which is a transit route between Jambi and West Sumatra provinces, is the largest rice production center in West Sumatra. Rice production from the district and city of Solok continues to be a surplus every year.
Before 2003, the city of Solok was the capital of the Solok district. At the end of 2003, based on Law No. 38 of 2003, Solok Regency was divided into Solok Regency and South Solok Regency. This reduced the area of Solok Regency to 3,738 km. The administrative center of the Solok district was moved from the city of Solok to the city of Arosuka. Solok became an independent city consisting of the Tanjung Harapan sub-district and the Lubuk Sikarah sub-district.
The city of Solok is about 60 kilometers from the capital city of Padang. The topography of Solok City varies between plains and hilly with an altitude of 390 meters above sea level. Three rivers cross Solok City, namely the Batang Lembang River, the Batang Gawan River, and the Batang Air Binguang River. From the type of soil, 2.76% of the land in Solok City is paddy fields and the remaining 78.24% is dry soil. The strategic location of Solok City is at the crossroads of the economic traffic of West Sumatra so the trade sector is one of the main driving sectors of economic activity and development in Solok City. The economy in Solok City is dominated by small traders and a few services sectors.
Apart from being a rice-producing area, Solok’s tourism potential is almost the same as other areas in West Sumatra that need to be taken into account. Solok City has many natural attractions that you can visit and have extraordinary beauty. These tourist spots not only attract the interest of residents, but some foreign tourists are also often seen in several tourist destinations in the city.
In addition to nature tourism, several cultural tours provide visitors with more opportunities to recognize the local wisdom of the Solok people. These tourist attractions are scattered in Solok Regency and Solok City. However, in this article, we will describe some of the natural attractions in the city of Solok.
- Sarasah Batimpo Waterfall
For more than 10 years this area has been forgotten by the residents of the surrounding Solok City. However, at this time this area is visited again by residents because of its beauty. Sarasah Batimpo Waterfall is located in Laing Village, Tanjung Harapan sub-district, Solok City. From Pasar Raya Solok City, this tourist spot is only about 7 kilometers away. There are no road signs to this place, but residents outside the city of Solok can pay attention to road signs towards the Solok Mayor’s Office House. From here, the distance is only 3 kilometers. Arriving at the parking area of Sarasah Batimo Waterfall, you have to walk 500 meters.
Source : Images of Sarasah Batimpo Waterfall.nativeindonesia.com.photo
Sarasah Batimpo Waterfall is located in a small forest and has three levels of waterfalls. Each waterfall has a different height. We have to be patient in walking down the three waterfalls. That’s because we have to walk along the road on large rocks, and with unspoiled forest conditions. Besides enjoying the beauty of Sarasah Batimpo Waterfall, we can also try hiking tracks around it and we can hold camping activities there.
- Laing Park
Still, in the Laing village, there is another natural tourist spot carrying the concept of relaxing in a tree house while enjoying the beautiful and comfortable natural panorama. Laing Park Tree House is located on KPT Bahar Hamid st, on an 8-hectare land. The management there has prepared two tree houses with a capacity of 5 adults or 10 children.
In addition to these two tree houses, we are also presented with several gazebos which are also built on trees. It’s interesting to take photos with a background of green and beautiful hills and several other spots scattered here. A relatively new tourist attraction in Solok City, which was first opened in 2015.
Source: Tree house.wisato.id.photo
Apart from being an instagramable photo spot, visitors can also get a variety of activities. There is a flying fox ride that tests your adrenaline. We will glide at a distance of up to 100 meters. Next is the suspension bridge, it will sway when you walk on it.
Source: Outbond game.wisato.id.photo
During the durian season around September to November, visitors can also harvest durian fruit here. Visitors can do agro-tourism in the durian garden which can be directly picked from the tree. Laing park is highly recommended as a place to hold activities such as family gatherings. The manager has built a meeting building. In addition, the community often stops here. We will meet various kinds of communities such as the photography community. There is also a motocross community that likes this place to race. Therefore, it is not surprising that here we can also enjoy trail bike rides.
- Belibis (Duck) Island
The Belibis Island referred to here is not the true meaning of the island. However, it is a swamp location that used to be frequented by wild duck hunters. Its location is to the south of the Solok market and close to the Ampang Kualo racetrack. The distance from the Solok market is only about 2 km and the location can be reached easily by vehicle or even on foot. The journey from Solok Market by vehicle only takes 10 minutes. The path to this tourist spot is a bit uphill but the road is paved and only a slight incline.
Even though there are no wild ducks there, the area is still beautiful and the air is cool so it is recommended as a family picnic spot. While relaxing, visitors can enjoy the beauty of the lake and trees and refresh their mind. It also has fishing facilities so that fishing hobby. For those who don’t like fishing, you can swim in the Samalero pool or ride a horse.
For those who like a challenge, near Belibis Island there is also a scout park; so called because it has facilities for outbound activities. In addition to these facilities, there is also a playground for children as well as comfortable seating areas making it perfect for picnics.
One of the obstacles to the tourist sites is the unavailability of a special public transportation unit to tourist sites. People who come there must use their vehicles. In the future, the Solok city government should increasingly complete transportation facilities to tourist sites with a regular level of maintenance.
City of branding Payakumbuh city changes from time to time. From the beginning of its formation, the city of Payakumbuh has been dubbed the City of Gelamai precisely on December 17, 1970. The inauguration ceremony of the city of Payakumbuh was attended by the Minister of Home Affairs: Amir Machmud at the Payakumbuh City Hall office. The committee served a plate of gelamai to him. Since the inauguration ceremony, the traditional stakeholders and the local government agreed to dub the city of Payakumbuh the city of galamai. The gelamai is a typical Payakumbuh food in the form of a flat, chewy texture and brown like the dodol (traditional snack from West Java).
In the early 1990s, the city of Payakumbuh got the nickname the city of Batiah. This nickname emerged during the era of the leadership of the mayor, Muchtiar Muchtar (1988 – 1993). He is known as a mayor who is very concerned with orderliness, cleanliness, and beauty. In realizing them in Payakumbuh, He initiated the nickname Payakumbuh as “Batiah City”. Which is an acronym for Bersih (Clean), Aman (Safe), Tertib (Orderly), Indah (Beautiful), and Harmoni (Harmonious). The nickname “Batiah City” is of the spirit of orderliness, cleanliness, and beauty, also by the name of one of Payakumbuh’s specialty snacks made of rendang rice similar to the rengginang (traditional snack from Jakarta) called batiah. When he was mayor, Payakumbuh won the Adipura Cup for the first time, which is the highest supremacy in the field of cleanliness.
Payakumbuh city is also dubbed the Blue City. This is because the symbol of the Payakumbuh area is blue. Quoted from the Payakumbuh City Regional Regulation number 3/2012 concerning the regional symbol of Payakumbuh City, the blue color means “hospitality, clear water, tame fish, which contain hope for a better future”.
At the end of 2018, the Payakumbuh City Government promoted its area as Rendang Village. The use of this slogan is to raise the culinary industry, especially the rendang industry, as well as to attract tourists to come to visit West Sumatra. Although each region has its characteristics of processed rendang, in Payakumbuh, most of the rendang is managed to improve the culinary industry. There are various types of rendang in Payakumbuh Rendang Village, including beef rendang, egg rendang, lung rendang, chicken rendang, tuna rendang, and mushroom rendang.
Initially, the Payakumbuh Government was considered by some parties to be inconsistent in campaigning for Payakumbuh as a “City of Rendang”. In this Payakumbuh city branding polemic, Mayor Riza Falepi asserted, the “City of Rendang” branding echoed by the Payakumbuh government in the last two years, is not a form of inconsistency by the Payakumbuh Government. This is an effort to make rendang a specialty of Payakumbuh. He also emphasized that although the “City of Rendang” icon was echoed, the branding that had been attached to Payakumbuh, such as Payakumbuh “City of Galamai” and Payakumbuh “City of Batiah” was still used (quoted from the Padangkita.com web site on November 28, 2020 ).
Before 2008, Payakumbuh was part of the Lima Puluh Kota Regency and also the capital of the district. With the development of the city in 2008, the expansion was carried out. The administrative center of the Limapuluh Kota district was moved to Sarilamak city. Payakumbuh is an independent city that has 5 sub-districts. Districts in Payakumbuh are: West Payakumbuh, East Payakumbuh, North Payakumbuh, South Payakumbuh and Lamposi Tigo Nagori.
Payakumbuh City is about 30 km from Bukittinggi City or 120 kilometers from Padang City and 188 kilometers from Pekanbaru City. This city is a transit area between the city of Padang and the city of Pekanbaru, from this city it can also be connected to the middle route of Sumatra without having to pass through the city of Bukittinggi. Koto Nan Ampek Terminal is a land transportation terminal in this city. Currently, the northern (10.45 kilometers) and southern (15.34 kilometers) outer ring road, known as the Payakumbuh Bypass, has been built to facilitate access to transportation without having to go through the city center and to encourage economic growth.
As a transit city, making the service and trade sectors a mainstay sector. Payakumbuh City already has a modern market located in the heart of the city. However, other sectors such as agriculture, livestock, and fisheries are still promising for the people of this city because it is supported by the condition of the land which is also fairly fertile. While the existing industries in this city are only small in scale but have been able to produce to meet the demands of foreign markets, including embroidery and skullcap.
Meanwhile, there are many home-based culinary industries in Payakumbuh, so it is not surprising that the promotion of Payakumbuh as a culinary city has been massively promoted by the city government in the last three years to attract tourist visits. One of them is the promotion of Payakumbuh as a rendang city.
Payakumbuh city is located in a highland area that is part of the Bukit Barisan. Its located at the foot of Mount Sago, and the city’s landscapes vary in height. The topography of the city area consists of hills with an average height of 514 meters above sea level. Its territory is traversed by three rivers, namely Batang Agam, Batang Lampasi, and Batang Sinama. The average air temperature ranges from 26 °C with humidity between 45-50. With varied landscapes plus pleasant temperatures, Payakumbuh is highly recommended for tourists to visit. Here are some tourist attractions in the city of Payakumbuh:
- Panorama of Ampangan
Panorama Ampangan is at the top of Ampangan Hill, Aua Kuniang village, South Payakumbuh sub-district. Ampangan has an altitude of 650 meters above sea level and is at the foot of Mount Sago. This position makes this location able to provide very beautiful natural scenery, especially the view of the location below it. Visitors can see the city of Payakumbuh from a height and here is a selfie spot that is highly recommended for millennials. Located 7 kilometers from the center of Payakumbuh, West Sumatra, the Panorama Ampangan tourist destination can be reached in 12-13 minutes by motorbike or car.
2. Sampik Cave
Sampik Cave is located in the peak area of Marajo. This small cave can be easily traced because the access road to it has been made of stairs that are fenced in beside the hill. The view of it is a variety of colorful rocks and a variety of flora such as forest orchids and small banyan trees. Climbing the peak can be done to the highest peak with a path. Its location of it is in a triangular tourist area with Marajo Peak and Sibaluik Park. It’s located on Soekarno Hatta st, Pakan Sinayan Village, South Payakumbuh close to the Indah Cave.
- Indah Cave
Indah Cave is located about 4 kilometers from downtown Payakumbuh or 31 km from Bukittinggi. Precisely located in the village of Pakan Sinayan, West Payakumbuh sub-district. The tourist attraction is a natural cave with several cave mouths as entry and exit access. In this large cave, we can see the beauty of the stalactites and stalagmites that are still well preserved. This cave is inhabited by a flock of bats which makes it always filled with loud noises all the time. In addition to bats, there are swallows nesting between the gaps in the ceiling that soars about 10 meters high.
Inside the cave with an altitude of 640 meters above sea level, several parts of cave have a unique and very distinctive shape. One of them is stone gong. It is a hollow stone with a shape like a hollow cone or bell-like. It is located right on the left side of the cave entrance. Its unique shape makes this stone produce a fairly loud reflection of sound. There are also two stones located side by side vertically with shapes resembling elephants and mushrooms. In addition, some have the form of a mosquito net, an umbrella, and a human.
Track down the path from the entrance of the cave to the exit of the cave is about 80 meters. The path is not horizontal but in the form of a descending and uphill path with many steps. There is another exit to the track towards Marajo Peak with a distance of approximately 1 kilometer. In addition to exploring the cave, visitors can also enjoy a full panorama of Payakumbuh City in the middle of a park with shady trees and breezy winds. Access to the entrance to this area is via Soekarno-Hatta st. From the entrance gate to the parking area we will go through an uphill path which is approximately 800 meters. This path is surrounded by a tourist forest area of approximately 10 hectares which makes it cool and shady. From the Indah cave, visitors can walk to the Hill at Marajo Peak because the hills are connected.
Source: Parts of Indah Cave.Indonesiakaya.com.photo
4. Marajo Peak
Marajo Peak is a natural destination with a green natural panorama and fresh air. To be able to reach the top of Marajo, visitors have to climb the uphill and winding stairs and then enter the crevices of the rocky hill. It is very recommended for heart exercise and weight loss programs. Those of you who climb it will be covered in sweat because the terrain is steeply uphill and the descent is quite steep. But at the peak then the beauty of the scenery will make you lulled.
The location of the entrance to Marajo Peak is on Raya Bukittinggi – Payakumbuh st. No.233, Pakan Sinayan Village, West Payakumbuh sub – district. If you stand facing the Payakumbuh City Youth and Sports Tourism Office, on your left, there is a hill as the entrance gate to climb to Marajo Peak. On the gate has written Puncak Marajo. The following gates are connected by permanent tiers made of cast cement. Continue up the hill along the ladder.
From the exit of the Indah cave only about 200 meters, you can also go to the pedestrian path to Marajo Peak. From the end of this cave, visitors can jog in a relaxed manner. No less enchanting, this pedestrian street in the Marajo Hills at 08.00 Western Indonesia Time is still shrouded in a thin mist of dew. Taking pictures of this pedestrian gives you the impression that you are visiting a beautiful land above the clouds. The beautiful atmosphere is still so pronounced.
This area is surrounded by highlands and mountains towering in various directions. Least, there are three large mountains whose peaks we can see from this city, namely, Mount Sago, Mount Marapi, and Mount Singgalang. In addition to these mountains, there is more than one hilltop in Payakumbuh City which decorates the landscape.
Currently, the rendang center in Payakumbuh already has several licensing and standardization certificates including a distribution permit for processed food from the Indonesian National Agency of Drug and Food Control for nine product variants, a halal certificate from the Indonesian Muslim Priest Council, a Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Points certificate, a Veterinary Control Number certificate, and an Indonesian National Standard Product certificate. However, for export purposes, Rendang Payakumbuh still has to struggle to get an ISO 22000 certificate because of difficult requirements.
- Panorama of Ampangan
The Dharmasraya district area was once the center of government and the capital of the Dharmasraya kingdom from 1286 to 1347. The Dharmasraya kingdom was the successor of the Malay kingdom after the collapse of the Sriwijaya kingdom. In its heyday, this Buddhist-style kingdom became the largest kingdom in Sumatra. His territory stretches from the land of Sunda to the Malay peninsula.
According to historical records, the Dharmasraya Kingdom had relations with other kingdoms. One of them with the Singasari kingdom. King Kertanegara of Singasari conducted a Pamalayu expedition in 1275 to the territory of the Dharmasaya kingdom to serve as a fortress against the Mongols. As a tribute, the king of Kartanegara sent the statue of Amoghapasa, while the king of Tribuwhanaraja of the Dharmasraya Kingdom presented his two daughters Dara Jingga and Dara Petak.
Dara Petak was later married by Raden Wijaya (the founder of the Majapahit kingdom), while Dara Jingga was handed over to Adwayabrahma, a Singasari official who was sent to Sumatra in 1286. It was from Dara Jingga and Adwayabrahma that Adityawarman, the last ruler of the Dharmasraya Kingdom was born.
The Dharmasraya kingdom collapsed due to the expansion of the Majapahit kingdom in the 14th century. The center of the Dharmasraya kingdom was moved by King Adityawarman to the Tanah Datar area which became known as the Malayapura or Pagaruyung kingdom.
The historical heritage of the Dharmasraya kingdom is in the form of historical buildings and sites. One of the historical heritage buildings of the Dharmasraya Kingdom is the Padang Roco Temple.
- Padang Roco Temple
The existence of the Padang Roco Temple at that time showed that the Dharmasraya area had been used as the center of government. Therefore, temples were made as a means of worship for the king, his family and his people. Siguntur village, which belongs to the Sitiung sub-district where the temple was found, is also the location where the Amoghapasa statue was found. The Amoghaphasa statue is now kept at the National Museum in Jakarta.
The existence of this temple originated from information on the results of research on the archaeology of the Batanghari River Basin by Verkerk Pistorius in the 1860s. Subsequent research was carried out by Van Stein Callenfels whose results described the findings of brick remains in the Padang Roco area. From these findings in 1935, F.M. Schnitger continued the research. Further research was conducted by the National Archaeological Research Center and Archaeological Heritage Sanctuary of West Sumatra – Riau.
Based on these various studies, in the Padang Roco Temple area, a moat was found around the temple as well as ceramic findings from various periods. This temple has been included in the Cultural Conservation list with inventory number 01/BCB-TB/A/18/2007. The restoration of the temple complex was carried out by the Archaeological Heritage Sanctuary of West Sumatra – Riau, now called the West Sumatra Cultural Heritage Preservation Agency, the Work Area of the Provinces of West Sumatra, Riau, and Riau Islands starting in 1995/1996 and 1996/1997.
The site of Padang Roco Temple has remained in the form of 4 temples, namely Padang Roco I, Padang Roco II, Padang Roco III, and Padang Roco IV. Padang Roco Temple I is the main temple with a size of 21 meters X 21 meters with a brick structure height of about 90 centimeters and a height of about 3 meters in the middle. This main building has entrance stairs on all four sides with a southwest-northeast orientation.
Padang Roco temple II is made of brick construction, with a square plan, with a size of 4.40 meters x 4.40 meters. The remaining building height is now 1.28 meters. The entrance and stairs that are facing are located on the west side so that the temple building is oriented to the southwest-northeast.
Padang Roco Temple III is a building with a brick structure. It has a square plan consisting of 3 steps. The first step is located at the top measuring 2 meters x 2 meters, with the remaining building height in the south, which consists of 7 layers of bricks. In the southwest part of the temple, there is a pond, which may have been a place to wash your feet before entering the temple. Meanwhile, Padang Roco IV Temple is still a brick ruin in the back corner of Padang Roco II Temple.
2. Pulau Sawah Temple
Still in the village of Siguntur, about 7 kilometers from the Padang Roco site, there is a complex the Pulau Sawah temple complex. At the location of the Pulau Sawah temple complex, it is indicated that there are eleven brick structures and three of them have been confirmed as temple buildings. However, only two temples have been excavated and rebuilt
In 2016 an excavation team from the National Archaeological Research Center investigated the Pulau Sawah site. Researchers found objects in the form of inscriptions, statues, ceramics, and pots. Two years later, the researcher concluded that the shape of the letters in the inscription was the Sanskrit language used in the 8th-9th centuries AD. This means that the Sawah Island site is in line with the Sriwijaya kingdom and the Muara Jambi temple. The Pulau Sawah Temple is a Buddhist temple because its structure is similar to the Muara Jambi temple.
Researchers also state that Mahayana and Tantrayana Buddhism lived side by side at that time. The proof is in the findings of statues with different characteristics from one another. The results of another study stated that the location of the Pulau Sawah temple had a flood that submerged and eroded the structure of the temple building. So the royal people decided to move locations and build temples in higher places, namely Rambahan and Padang Roco. This means that the age of the Pulau Sawah temple is older than the Muara Roco temple.
Pulau Sawah I Temple consists of one large building as high as 2.4 meters. This building is in the form of a twenty-sided box, each side of which is not the same length. Right in the middle of the building (site), there is a large rectangular hole measuring 2.06 meters x 1.82 meters with a depth of 2.4 meters. In the (possibly) front of this building, there is another hole with the same depth but different width. This hole is slightly smaller than the previous hole, measuring 1.2 meters x 1.57 meters. These two rectangular holes are thought to be bathing pools. Meanwhile, Pulau Sawah II Temple is thought to be a temple complex, in which there are several small temples and bathing pools. There are allegations that the ditches with an area of 100 meters x 100 meters are not walls that enclose the temple complex, but are part of a large temple.
Research on this temple is still being carried out to this day because there are still 9 mounds that have not been studied. Pulau Sawah Temple has been designated as a cultural heritage by the Decree of the Regent of Dharmasraya No:188.45/121/KPTS.BUP/2019 dated March 8, 2019.
This historical tour is very unique, besides we can get to know various kinds of history, we can also see the beauty around this temple, the cool nature, and the scenery that is still very beautiful. These two temples are not just ancient heritages but have economic potential as historical tourist destinations. Research on this historical site must be continued to reveal more about the history of the Dharmasraya kingdom.
The epic film “Di bawah Lindungan Ka’bah” which was released in 2011 describes the natural beauty of Minangkabau and won the prestigious E-Guardian Award (2012) for the category of Best Leading Actress and Praised Artistic Stylist at the Bandung Film Festival in 2012. The Gadang House building in the film scene, which is based on the novel of the same name by Buya Hamka, was not made solely for filming purposes but is real. The location is in Sungai Pagu sub-district, South Solok district, about 150 km from the city of Padang, the capital of West Sumatra.
The Thousand Houses Gadang area is a manifestation of the Minangkabau community village in the past with hundreds of Minangkabau traditional houses lined along the village road. Formerly in this area stood the Sungai Pagu kingdom centered in Pasir Talang South Solok around the 16th century. The Alam Surambi Sungai Pagu kingdom stretched from Surian to the XII Koto (sub-district Sangir) region. One of the relics of this kingdom is the area of The Thousand Houses Gadang. The Sungai Pagu Kingdom is inhabited by several Minangkabau sub-tribes such as Malayu, Bariang, Durian, Kampai, Panai, Tigo Lareh, Koto Kaciak, and Sikumbang. Each tribe has a Gadang House. The diversity of tribes that inhabit the area of The Thousand Houses Gadang. This shows that the area has maintained tolerance since ancient times.
In 2008 the former State Minister for Women’s Empowerment, Meutia Hatta, visited this area. She dubbed southern Solok as the Land of Thousand Houses Gadang. Since then this royal house has become a tourist attraction with the full name “Kawasan Saribu Rumah Gadang Surambi Sungai Pagu”. However, the actual number of buildings according to the Local Tourism and Sports Office is only 174 units.
The Gadang House building looks artistic with 4-6 pointed roofs similar to buffalo horns (Minang dialect: gonjong). The walls and wooden floors wrapped in carvings adorn the ornaments of the Gadang House. All the buildings in the Thousand Houses Gadang area are more than 100 years old. Even the Gajah Maram Gadang House was built in 1794. It belongs to the Melayu Buah Anau tribe with Datuk Lelo Panjang as a tribal chief. Until now this building is still actively used for when there are traditional ceremonies such as the appointment of a tribal chief (Datuk), deliberations of traditional uncles, weddings, or pilgrimages. Most of the Minangkabau families who live in this Gadang House still keep family heirlooms such as the king’s scepter, bridal accessories, woven mats, etc.
Many of these Gadang Houses are currently uninhabited, possibly because they were abandoned by the families of their owners. Therefore, the local government took the initiative to empower this building to be used as a homestay for guests. Apart from being a place to rest, the visitors can participate in the daily activities of the homeowner, including learning to cook the typical culinary of South Solok.
You will be served a dinner dish on the floor of the house (bajamba tradition). There is also a martial arts demonstration and a chrysanthemum performance that accompanies visitors through the night. In the morning you can rent an onthel bike to get around enjoying the panorama around sub-district Sungai Pagu. If you want a challenge, please try white water rafting with used inner tubes at Tubing Ducati along the Pulakek river, located in Alam Pauh Duo village. You can also visit the hot springs or water boom Sapan Maluluang and Pinang Awan Peak which are both located in the village of Pinang Awan.
On 22-24 March 2019, the local government of South Solok Regency held the Thousand Houses Gadang Festival which was the second time after the previous year in 2017 around this area. This festival has the theme “Manyulam Kain Jolong” which showcases the customs and culture of South Solok. The visitors were presented with performances of traditional music, dances, exhibitions of historical collectibles, Pencak silat, and closed with traditional drama arts. There is also an essay writing competition which is followed by school students.
You can also see the area of the Thousand Houses Gadang from the Songket Tower a height of 25 meters. On top of this tower, you will see a panorama view covering winding roads, rice fields, rivers, and Mount Kerinci from a distance. In 2017, the Thousand Houses Gadang area was named the Most Popular Traditional Village in Indonesian Pesona Award.
If you haven’t been able to enjoy the natural beauty of Raja Ampat’s marine life in West Papua, then you don’t need to be sad. Tourists can visit the Mandeh bay area which is known as the “Paradise from West Sumatra”. This area is a blend of hills with a group of small islands in the middle of Carocok Tarusan Bay. The beaches in this area have soft white sand and clear waters. From the beach, tourists can see the small islands across the sea. The tourist area of Mandeh is also often referred to as the Raja Ampat of the Minang realm because of its beauty.
The Mandeh Bay area is located in the Pesisir Selatan Regency, Koto XI Tarusan sub-district. It is 56 km from the city of Padang, the capital city of West Sumatra. The area is 18,000 hectares and covers 3 sub-districts and 7 villages. Residents around this area generally make a living as farmers, fishermen, and retail sellers.
Tourists can visit by sea and land. If you choose the sea route, you can take a ship from the port of Bungus, Gaung pier, port of Teluk Bayur, or from the pier of Muara Padang and Tarusan Bay.
Meanwhile, if by land route, there are three alternatives from three different roads. The first alternative is from Tarusan Market via the Carocok intersection. The second alternative from Bungus continues to be Sungai Pinang and Sungai Nyalo. The third alternative, is through the latest road section through the Carocok intersection and then along the beach and gently sloping hills for 12 km.
Tourists can see the panorama of the Mandeh Bay area more freely from Mandeh Peak. This peak is known as Paku Peak or Jokowi Peak. This is because President Jokowi visited there in 2018 and he admired its beauty. This hill has a height of about 70 meters above sea level with an area of 0.3 ha. From here you can see the cluster of Traju islands, Satan island, Sironjong Besar island, Sironjong Kecil island, and Cubadak island. Visitors can observe the calm gradations of the seawater.
In the southern part of the Mandeh area, there is a headland that bends like a river, so that the bay looks like a lake with small ripples. Meanwhile, in the northern area of Mandeh Bay, some islands form a circular formation, namely Bintangor Island, Pagang Island, Snake Island, and Merak Island which are contiguous to Sikuai Island.
For tourism activities in Teluk Mandeh, tourists should book a complete tour package offered by a travel agency. The package offered will be guided by an experienced and responsible island crew during activities in the Teluk Mandeh area.
At the beginning of the trip, the Island crew usually takes us to the island of Sronjong Kecil, which takes 15 minutes from the pier of the Carocok Tarusan Fish Auction Place. Visitors can feel the sensation of free fall with heights varying from 5 meters to 20 meters.
Then we continue to the waters of Cubadak Island. This privately owned island covers an area of 40 ha. The beach is small and clean. The underwater panorama of the Cubadak island area is very interesting to explore. Coral reefs with marine biota are still in good condition or there are no signs of damage. On this island, there are resorts with 5-star quality facilities. Lodging on Cubadak Island has a traditional theme that is different from other islands in Teluk Mandeh. The inn building on this island is made of bamboo and wood and the roof is made of palm wood. While in the forest area of this island, there are many species of animals ranging from pigs, monkeys, snakes, deer, and various species of birds.
In the waters of the island of Cubadak, we can meet various types of fish such as snapper, butterfly fish, anemone fish, damselfish, file fish, big eye fish, surgeonfish, wrasse, parrotfish, etc. There are also various species of echinoderms such as sea stars, snake stars, sea urchins, sea lilies, and sea cucumbers.
Some other diving spots are Pagang Island, Sironjong Besar Island, and Satan Island. For the last name, this is an island that is specially managed as a water sports center. Water game activities that can be done are banana boat, donut boat, UFO boat and jet ski.
The ship MV Boeloengan Nedherland
The MV Boeloengan shipwreck is one of the underwater archaeological heritages which is a tourist destination in the Mandeh bay area. The length of the wreck is 74 meters, the middle is 11 meters wide, the stern is 13 meters wide, the bottom is 10 meters wide and the height is 8 meters. This ship is at a depth of 20-25 meters. This ship was a passenger ship during Dutch colonial rule. The ship MV Boeloengan sank in the waters of the Gulf of Mandeh Bay after being bombarded by Japanese troops in 1942 during World War II. But now shipwrecks have become an underwater tourist attraction and become one of the best diving spots in the Mandeh Bay area.
To reach it takes about 15-20 minutes from Carocok Tarusan pier by outboard engine boat. The hull of the ship has been overgrown with various types of coral reefs and has become a shelter for various marine biota.
The Mandeh area also has an ecotourism destination on Kapo-kapo Island which is part of 389 hectares of mangrove forest area. Visitors can enjoy the beauty of the mangrove trees that grow thickly along the track from the boat. There are several homestays with a back-to-nature concept here. Most of them are managed by residents, so the accommodation rates here are more affordable than the resorts on Cubadak Island. The famous cuisine here is octopus rendang.
After activities in the sea, a must-visit destination for tourists is the Gemuruh river waterfall. We can bathe in cool fresh water. This waterfall is only about 3-4 meters high. Along the road to the waterfall, there is a mangrove forest on the coast overlooking the sea of Carocok Bay.
To reach the location, you can walk along the road or the river mouth with an outboard boat while enjoying the beauty of the mangrove forest.
The mangrove forest in the Mandeh Bay area is still preserved. This can be seen from the density of mangrove trees that thrive along the roaring river. There are no visible signs of significant damage to forest structures. This is because the surrounding community cares about and participates in preserving the mangrove forest. If there is an area around the forest that is still empty, the community participates in planting mangrove seedlings. People who are proven to cut down mangrove trees will be fined.
Mangrove forests have an important role in maintaining the sustainability and balance of nature. Its function is not only for marine life but also very beneficial for the surrounding community.